Bitternut Hickory

Bitternut Hickory tree.

Bitternut Hickory Deciduous

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut hickory is native to much of the eastern US and reaches its western limit in southeast Nebraska.

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Where To Grow

It is considered a close cousin of pecan and is typically found in moist bottomlands, though will tolerate dryer ground.

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Size at Maturity

Tree Height Tree Spread
50-70' 40-60'
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Tree Characteristics

Bitternut hickory is distinguished by its relatively smooth bark and sulfur-yellow buds. The pinnate leaves typically have 5-9 bright-green leaflets that turn yellow in the fall.

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Wildlife Benefits

As its common name implies, this tree produces a bitter tasting nut that is rejected by many animals.

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Interesting Facts

As with all hickories, the tree develops a prominent taproot and should be transplanted when relatively small or grown directly from seed

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