Douglas Fir Coniferous
"Doug firs" are one of the most important timber trees in the United States. It is harvested for a wide variety of uses and is the backbone of the western timber industry. The wood has great strength and yet it is not very heavy.
Where To Grow
Size at Maturity
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Douglas fir is an evergreen tree that keeps its foliage year round. The one inch long needles are flat with a
pointed tip and range in color from blue-green to dark green. The tree has an upright pyramidal shape that becomes less defined
with age. The tree grows at a medium pace, adding 13"-24" a year.
The seed of Douglas-fir is an important food for chickadees, red crossbill, finches (house and purple), evening grosbeak, Douglas squirrel, Townsend chipmunk, deer, meadow mice, shrews, and many other birds and mammals. Of course, you won't find all of these in Nebraska.
While the tree has its share of insect and disease enemies in its natural range, it is relatively pest free in this part of the country although long periods of drought can be a problem. Although it is seldom used, it makes an excellent tree for windbreaks on adapted soils. It is also excellent for restoring eroded lands, watersheds, and strip-mined areas.
- Douglas fir is not a “true” fir like white fir or balsam fir. It is, in fact, a species unto itself and is totally unique.
- Douglas-fir needles were made into a tea and drank by Isleta Puebloans in New Mexico to cure rheumatism.