Eastern White Pine
Eastern White Pine Coniferous
An often-overlooked evergreen in Nebraska is the eastern white pine. Eastern white pine is native to the northeastern and north-central part of the United States. White pine is frequently used for windbreaks and screens along fields, new right-of-ways, and around campsites.
Where To Grow
Size at Maturity
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The largest conifer of the eastern and upper Midwest forests, reaching 150 feet in height and up to 40 inches in diameter. In dense stands, trees produce tall, cylindrical stems with pyramidal-shaped crowns, characterized by distinctive, plate-like branching, especially noticeable as the trees become older. On young growth, the bark remains rather thin, smooth, and greenish-brown in color. On older trees, the bark becomes deeply fissured and dark grayish-brown in color. Its evergreen needles are in clusters of 5, soft, flexible, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, and bluish-green in appearance. Its cones are about 4 to 8 inches long and 1 inch thick. These remain attached for 1 to several months after ripening in the autumn of the second season.
It has fair wildlife value. Gray and red squirrels, deer, mice and 16 species of songbirds have been known to eat the seed.
White pine does not like to have “wet feet” so if water stands on the site, then white pine may be a poor choice.
The wood of white pine is light, durable, and easy to work. It is good lumber for toys, boxes, cabinet work, and similar items. In the early days of settlement in the United States, it was used as masts for sailing vessels.