Trees to Plant in Nebraska

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Special thanks to the National Resource Conservation Service Plant Guides Database!
Eastern arborvitae makes a nice hedgerow!
Arborvitae, Eastern Coniferous

Thuja spp.

Eastern arborvitae is a relatively common landscape tree in the eastern half of Nebraska often used in foundation plantings and as screens along property lines. Mature trees may reach 30-40’ in time, but in cultivation typically grow only 10-25' tall, depending on the cultivar used. 

Native ash trees are no longer recommended for plantings.
Ash Deciduous

Fraxinus sp.

Green ash is abundant in Nebraska’s native woodlands and was commonly planted throughout the state after Dutch elm disease. However, the introduction of emerald ash borer has left the species in peril. We no longer recommend planting any native ash trees in Nebraska. 

birch tree growing in front of a house.
Birch, River Deciduous

Betula Nigra

River birch is a fast-growing, medium-sized tree native to much of the east and southeast US and best known for its exfoliating, salmon-colored bark. It is frequently used as a landscape tree in eastern Nebraska. 

Ohio Buckeye
Buckeye, Ohio Deciduous

Aesculus glabra

The buckeye tree is named for its round, shiny-brown nuts born in a spiny capsule that somewhat resembles a “buck's eye”.

Northern Catalpa white flowers.
Catalpa, Northern Deciduous

Catalpa speciosa

Northern catalpa is primarily used today as a large ornamental shade tree. It is widely planted in urban areas as a street and lawn tree. Conservation uses include plantings in mined-land reclamation projects and shelterbelts.

close up photograph of a chokecherry's fruit
Chokecherry Deciduous

Prunus virginiana

Chokecherry is common throughout much of the US and southern Canada and grows across Nebraska.  It is typically a suckering, multi-stemmed large shrub, but can be a small tree reaching up to 25’ tall.

Kentucky Coffeetree has nice golden leaves in the fall.
Coffeetree, Kentucky Deciduous

Gymnocladus dioicus

Kentucky Coffeetree is one of the best trees for Nebraska. This native, pest free tree is an alternative to ash and elm which have been ravaged by insects and disease. It also has a nice golden-yellow fall color, don't you think?  

Eastern cottonwood tree.
Cottonwood, Eastern Deciduous

Populus deltoides

Most people can relate nostalgically to large cottonwoods that shaded favorite camping or fishing spots, that whispered their rustling leaves in the slightest breeze, and which released their cottony seeds like a snow squall on late spring days.

close up photograph of a the tree's fruit
Dogwood, Corneliancherry Deciduous

Cornus mas

Although the origin of the name “dogwood” is not completely understood, it had been referred to as the “dog tree” since the 1500s. Most dogwoods are shrubby in nature, but a few can become small trees.

A row these shrubs while flowering adorn bench seating
Dogwood, Pagoda Deciduous

Cornus alternifolia

The species is native to forest edges in the northeastern US from Minnesota to Maine and south to the mid-Atlantic states. 

American elm tree shades house.
Elm, American Deciduous

Ulmus americana

For the first hundred or so years after settlement, American elm dominated community skylines across the state especially along streets where its tall, arching habit provided leafy canopies for blocks at a time. 

Winterberry tree, looking good!
Euonymus, Winterberry Deciduous

Euonymus bungeanus

Also known as spindletree, winterberry euonymus is best known for its fall colors of pink, orange, and red found in both its leaves and fruit capsules.

Concolor (white) Fir needles
Fir, Concolor (White) Coniferous

Abies concolor

Concolor fir is the most reliable and easy to grow fir for Nebraska. It has become relatively popular as a landscape tree and has also been utilized in some shelterbelts on favorable sites.

Photograph of a douglas fir tree.
Fir, Douglas Coniferous

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas fir is one of the most important timber trees in the United States and is the backbone of the western timber industry. The Rocky Mountain variety is more adaptable to the Great Plains and has been grown successfully across Nebraska, primarily as a landscape tree but sometimes in shelterbelts. 

Ginkgo tree's brilliant yellow leaves.
Ginkgo Deciduous

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo is a very unusual tree. Often referred to as a living fossil, ginkgo leaves appear as fossils dating to more than 200 million years old.  Some of these fossils have even been found in Nebraska.

Common hackberry in the forest.
Hackberry Deciduous

Celtis occidentalis

Hackberry may be the king of hard-working trees. It can provide a canopy of shade for decades at a time, and ask for almost nothing in return. Additionally, its deep root system makes common hackberry useful for preventing soil erosion on disturbed sites.

Hawthorn, Cockspur Deciduous

Crataegus crusgalli

The hawthorns are a diverse and confusing group of plants with at least 200 distinct species occurring throughout the Northern Hemisphere. There are dozens of species native to North America, including several that are grown as landscape trees.

close up photograph of the tree's leaf
Hawthorn, Downy Deciduous

Crataegus mollis

Native to the Midwest including eastern Nebraska and Kansas, where it can be found in the savanna understory and prairie edges.

Eastern Hemlock
Hemlock, Eastern Coniferous

Tsuga Canadensis

Eastern hemlock is a shade-tolerant native of the eastern US growing from Minnesota to Maine and south to the higher elevations of Georgia. The tree is not abundant in Nebraska but is occasionally found in protected landscape plantings, especially where a shade-tolerant evergreen is desired. 

Bitternut Hickory tree.
Hickory, Bitternut Deciduous

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut hickory is native to much of the eastern US and reaches its western limit in eastern Nebraska. It is the most commonly encountered hickory in Nebraska’s native woods and is occasionally used in parks and other community plantings. 

Shagbark Hickory
Hickory, Shagbark Deciduous

Carya ovata

Along with bitternut, shagbark hickory is one of two native hickories in Nebraska’s eastern woodlands where it is often found growing on relatively moist slopes in association with oaks and lindens.

Closeup of honeylocust leaves.
Honeylocust Deciduous

Gleditsia triacanthos

Honeylocust is a very tough and adaptable tree that is native to woodlands, pastures and fence lines of the eastern Great Plains. Thornless and fruitless varieties have been developed by the horticultural industry and are used extensively in landscaping. The trees are very hardy and are often used in parking lot islands and along sidewalks.

A closeup of the hornbeam's "muscular" trunk.
Hornbeam, American (Musclewood) Deciduous

Carpinus caroliniana

American hornbeam, also known as musclewood or blue beech, is a small, slow-growing understory tree native to hardwood forests of the eastern US and Canada. The tree is perhaps best known for its smooth and sinewy steel-gray bark and the muscle-like look of its maturing trunk and larger branches (thus one of its common names). 

Rocky Mountain Juniper
Juniper, Rocky Mountain Coniferous

Juniperus scopulorum

As its name implies, Rocky Mountain Juniper is a common evergreen throughout the Rocky Mountains, extending into the Pine Ridge and Wildcat Hills of the Nebraska Panhandle. RM juniper is widely used in shelterbelts, wildlife plantings and landscape plantings in the western Great Plains.

Linden, American (Basswood) Deciduous

Tilia americana

American linden, also known as basswood, is native to the Missouri River basin of eastern Nebraska and extends along the Niobrara River reaching as far west as the Black Hills of western South Dakota. 

Black Locust flowering.
Locust, Black Deciduous

Robinia pseudoacacia

Black locust is one of the most adaptable and easy-to-grow trees for the urban landscape. Due to its showy aromatic flower, it has often been planted as an ornamental, but this practice should be discouraged due to the potential for spread by root suckers.

Amur maple next to building.
Maple, Amur Deciduous

Acer ginnala

Amur maple is an introduced, deciduous large shrub or small tree. It can be grown as a multi-stemmed clump or trained into a small tree with a single trunk. It can also be sheared into a hedge.

Boxelder Maple tree in the summer.
Maple, Boxelder Deciduous

Acer negundo

Boxelder maple is one of the widest occurring trees across North America, extending from Mexico well into Canada and from the east coast of the US to the west coast.

Norway Maple leaf in grass
Maple, Norway Deciduous

Acer platanoides

Norway maple is native to central and northern Europe including parts of Norway, indicating its significant cold tolerance.

Red Maple has brilliant red leaves in the fall.
Maple, Red Deciduous

Acer rubrum

Red maple’s attractive shape, clean habit, and red fall color have made it one of the most commonly planted trees across the eastern United States including eastern Nebraska.  The tree has a remarkably wide native range occurring from Minnesota to Newfoundland south to Florida and Texas, and most points in between.

Sugar Maple at Wilderness Park in Lincoln, NE.
Maple, Sugar Deciduous

Acer saccharum

Sugar maple is one of the most important trees of New England where it is tapped to make maple syrup and is a primary component of that region's beautiful fall color.  Though not quite native to Nebraska, sugar maple has proven to be a reliable grower when given good care and favorable site conditions.

Black Oak trees.
Oak, Black Deciduous

Quercus velutina

Native to southeast Nebraska, black oak is similar in shape and form to red oak, the key differences being smaller, darker leaves and a darker, more furrowed bark. This is a great native tree deserving of greater planting!

Bur Oak tree.
Oak, Bur Deciduous

Quercus macrocarpa

Bur oak is considered by many to be the king of Great Plains native hardwoods.  It is the most common native oak in Nebraska occurring naturally along many rivers and streams in the eastern third of the state and can be found in pockets here and there as far west as Hitchcock and Dawes counties.

Chinkapin Oak
Oak, Chinkapin Deciduous

Quercus muehlenbergii

Next to bur oak, chinkapin oak is the second most adaptable white oak that can be grown in Nebraska. It has a wide geographic distribution occurring naturally from Mexico to southern Canada and is native to the southeast part of Nebraska.

English Oak
Oak, English Deciduous

Quercus robur

As its name implies, English oak is native to England and actually occurs throughout much of Europe extending into western Siberia, attesting to its tough and adaptable nature.

close up photograph of the tree's acorn
Oak, Gambel Deciduous

Quercus gambelii

Gambel oak is a scrubby species native to southern Rocky Mountains and four-corners region of the southwestern US.  The oak can vary significantly in size and form from depending on its location.

Northern Red Oak stand at Horning State Farm Demonstration Forest.
Oak, Northern Red Deciduous

Quercus rubra

Red oak is Nebraska’s second most abundant native oak occurring on the bluffs of the Missouri River from about South Sioux City to Falls City and extending a few dozen miles westward along some of its major tributaries.

Pin Oak leaves closeup.
Oak, Pin Deciduous

Quercus palustris

Pin oak is a moderately large tree with normal heights ranging from 70 to 90 feet with diameters between 2 and 3 feet.

White oak provides wonderful shade for this rural home.
Oak, White Deciduous

Quercus alba

White oak is abundant across much of the eastern US reaching its western limit at about the Missouri River where it just reaches into southeast Nebraska. It's an excellent ornamental tree because of its broad round crown, dense foliage, and purplish-red to violet-purple fall color.

Osage Orange fruit is roughly the size of a softball.
Osage Orange Deciduous

Maclura pomifera

Osage orange was first cultivated in the south in the early 1800s. It was brought north by Professor Jonathan Turner, a biology teacher at Illinois College, and promoted as a living fence by John Wright, editor of The Prairie Farmer

closeup of pawpaw fruit
Pawpaw Deciduous

Asimina triloba

Pawpaw is a forest understory tree native to much of the eastern US, reaching its western limit in the oak-hickory forests of southeast Nebraska. It is best known for its large, edible, yellow-green fruits with custard-like pulp. It’s occasionally used as a landscape tree in southeast Nebraska.

Looking up into tree's canopy.
Pine, Austrian Coniferous

Pinus Nigra

Austrian pine is a medium to large conifer that is native to southeastern Europe, especially the higher elevations of the Balkans and Turkey. It has been used extensively in shelterbelts across much of the central and northern Great Plains and is also used in park and landscape plantings. Diseases are now limiting its use in eastern Nebraska. 

photo of eastern white pine in the summer.
Pine, Eastern White Coniferous

Pinus strobus

Eastern white pine is a fast-growing and relatively long-lived, soft-needled evergreen native to the northeastern US and Canada.  Its occasionally used for windbreaks and screens and has become a popular landscape tree in eastern Nebraska communities. 

Jack Pine pine cone.
Pine, Jack Coniferous

Pinus banksiana

Jack pine is a scrubby, northern pine native to much of Canada and south to the Great Lakes and northern New England. It grows further north in Canada than any other native pine. It is extremely cold hardy and drought tolerant and has been used in shelterbelts and conservation plantings in Nebraska where little else will grow.   

Limber pine tree
Pine, Limber Coniferous

Pinus flexilis

Limber pine is a medium-sized evergreen native to the Rocky Mountains from Canada to New Mexico where it’s typically found at elevations of 5,000 to 12,000 feet, often reaching the tree line. A few disjunct stands reach out on to the western High Plains including the Pine Bluffs area of western Kimball County, making it one of only two pine species native to the state, the other being Ponderosa pine. 

Pinyon Pine tree
Pine, Pinyon (Colorado Pinyon) Coniferous

Pinus edulis

Pinyon pine is native to the Four Corners area of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona where it is typically found growing with junipers on drier sites. It has been used in landscape and screen plantings in western Nebraska, especially the southern Panhandle. 

Ponderosa pine is a rapidly growing tree.
Pine, Ponderosa Coniferous

Pinus ponderosa

Ponderosa pine is native across much of the western US and reaches eastward into western Nebraska. It is a fairly fast-growing tree and has been a popular choice across the state for windbreaks and general landscape use. 

People standing next to a red pine.
Pine, Red Coniferous

Pinus resinosa

Red pine is a medium-sized evergreen native from eastern Canada south to Minnesota and east to New York. It is typically found on hills, slopes, ridges and plains, often in sandy soils. It is sometimes planted in Nebraska. 

Scotch pine is no longer recommended for planting in Nebraska.
Pine, Scotch (Scots) Coniferous

Pinus sylvestris

Scotch Pine, also known as Scots pine, is a fast-growing, conical to columnar, medium-sized conifer with distinctive flaking orange to red-brown bark. Once common and popular across the Midwest, scotch pine is being decimated by Pine Wilt and is no longer recommended for planting in Nebraska.  

American plum tree in full bloom.
Plum, American Deciduous

Prunus americana

American plum is native throughout much of the central US, including the Great Plains. Though typically a shrubby, multi-stemmed plant, it can become a small tree with age reaching up to 20’ tall.

Redbud Deciduous

Cercis canadensis

Redbuds are best known for their magenta-pink pea-like flowers that bloom profusely before leaves emerge in the spring. It’s a beautiful small tree with a very naturalistic form, often multi-trunked and wider than it is tall.

Eastern Redcedar tree.
Redcedar, Eastern Coniferous

Juniperus virginiana

Eastern redcedar is a native tree that has long been used in windbreaks, shelterbelts, and conservation plantings across the Great Plains. Due to lack of management and naturally-occurring wildfires, it has rapidly spread into grasslands and riparian forests. Redcedar should be used with caution and planted only where needed for quick sheltering or where little else will grow. Management plans/practices should be in place prior to planting.

Serviceberry tree in a landscape.
Serviceberry, Downy (Juneberry) Deciduous

Amelanchier arborea

Downy serviceberry is a small forest understory tree native to much of the eastern US and reaching its western limit in southeast Nebraska along the Missouri River. It is occasionally used as a landscape ornamental.

Silver Maple tree.
Silver Maple Deciduous

Acer saccharinum

Silver maple was heavily planted as an ornamental in many urban areas because of its ease of transplanting and establishment, adaptability to a wide range of sites, rapid growth, and good form. More recently, the tree has fallen out of favor and new plantings are rare. 

Immature blue spruce.
Spruce, Colorado (Blue) Coniferous

Picea pungens

Colorado spruce (also called blue spruce) is a pyramidal conifer native to Colorado and the central Rocky Mountains. It has been extensively planted across Nebraska in shelterbelts and landscapes and is one of the most common evergreens in communities, especially in central and western Nebraska. 

Norway Spruce
Spruce, Norway Coniferous

Picea abies

Norway spruce is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer native to the mountains of northern and central Europe (including Norway). It has been used extensively as a landscape tree in eastern Nebraska where it’s distinguished by its large size and its pendulous, droopy branches.  

White Spruce (Black Hills Spruce)
Spruce, White (Black Hills Spruce) Coniferous

Picea glauca

White spruce, also known as Black Hills spruce in our region, is an extremely hardy evergreen conifer native across the northern boreal region from Alaska and northwest Canada to Newfoundland, and dipping south into the US from Minnesota to northern New England. There is an isolated population in the Black Hills of South Dakota, which is where the common name Black Hills Spruce comes from. The tree has been planted in significant numbers across Nebraska where it is used in windbreaks, wildlife plantings, residential landscapes, and community plantings. 

Swamp White Oak tree.
Swamp White Oak Deciduous

Quercus bicolor

Swamp white oak has become one of the most popular oaks for planting in recent years. The swamp white oak is an excellent tree for planting in the yard or as a woodland tree. The tree is native to much of the eastern US, extending from New England into central Iowa.

American sycamore towers above home.
Sycamore, American Deciduous

Platanus occidentalis

A tree that can warm your heart even on the  coldest day of winter is the American sycamore. American sycamore is also known as American planetree, buttonwood and buttonball tree. American sycamore is native to 36 states including Nebraska. Sycamore is one of our tallest trees often reaching to 90 feet or more.

Tulip Tree in bloom.
Tulip Tree Deciduous

Liriodendron tulipifera

As can be guessed by both its common and scientific names, tulip tree is named for its tulip-like, yellow-green flowers that are born at the end of branches shortly after leaf emergence each spring.

Black walnut providing excellent shade over North Platte home.
Walnut, Black Deciduous

Julgans Nigra

Black walnut is by far the hardiest and adaptable nut tree that can be grown in Nebraska.  The species is native to much of the central and eastern US and occurs naturally in river-edge woodlands of eastern Nebraska and follows the Niobrara River as far west as western Cherry County.

Black Willow in a river system.
Willow, Black Deciduous

Salix nigra

Black willow is one of the most common tree-form native willows encountered in the Great Plains. As such, it evolved as an important food source and habitat for local and visiting wildlife.